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Submitted on
October 27, 2012
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Space And Depth In PhotoManipulations

Journal Entry: Sat Oct 27, 2012, 6:12 PM

This is a tutorial on Space And Depth and how to achieve it on a 2-D digital surface.

Space is an Element of Design, therefore, there are rules to create the illusion of 3-dimensional a 2-dimensional surface.

There are three ways to crate the illusion of space and depth:

1. By overlapping: When  objects overlap, the top object become the closest object.

2. By using Atmospheric     Perceptive: Objects in the nearest foreground are always the     largest, clearest, and has the most detail. As objects move back into the furthest background, they become smaller, fuzzier, and have less detail.

3. B
y using Liner Perspective: Using the horizon line as the focal point, invisible parallel lines move towards the horizon appearing to go from wide to narrow. Large objects appear to get smaller as the lines on either side move towards the horizon line.

This tutorial will cover how I created the sense of space and depth in my recent deviation, “Cardinals With Autumn Leaves”.

 photo cardinalsandfallleaves-smll.jpg

       1. First I do a layout with  the model stock (the stock is only trimmed. I'll complete   the cut out once I'm satisfied with the composition), the cardinals,  and some leaves.

       A. The model is in the near foreground. However,  there is a cardinal "on top" and overlapping the model,  so that places that cardinal in the nearest foreground.

       B. The other five cardinals are placed into the middle ground and the background. The smaller the birds become, and how much detail there is in their appearance, the more the illusion of space. The same applies to the few falling leaves. They are part of the middle ground.

 photo maidenandcardinals-1.jpg

2. After trimming the model stock, I change out the bunch of flowers, and add small leaves in the foreground and background, with some larger leaves in the middle ground.

 photo maidenandcardinals-2.jpg

      3. The smaller leaves are from the same stock, but in different layers and off center from each other.

      A. One layer is darken to make them appear in the furthest middle ground and the background.

     B. Some large leaves were added in the nearest foreground.

 photo maidenandcardinals-3.jpg

To help with  the appearance that the middle ground and background have been "pushed" further back in to space, I use a texture between the model and the layers in front of the background at 45%  to 33% opacity on the "Overlay" blend mode.

In addition, I'll blur the background between 3 and 5 %.

  photo maidenandcardinals-5.jpg

5. Last, I used a warm tone filter is used to make the image a little brighter.

Tutorial by thefantasim


Another Autumn theme deviations.


:iconmizzd-stock: Autumn Mucha Portrait 1 by mizzd-stock
:iconshoofly-stock: Cardinals (no longer at account)
the-night-bird Falling Leaves (small)…
MaureenOlder Fall Leaves…
lilpixie-stock Floral Arrangement…
Ayelie-stock Textures…
attempte-stock Texture…
 Background stock:
WriteGirl Autumn Bush…
Thy-Darkest-Hour Autumn Trees…
frozenstocks Textures…

Add a Comment:
CaryAndFrankArts Featured By Owner Nov 1, 2012  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Thanks so much for sharing!!
thefantasim Featured By Owner Nov 2, 2012   Digital Artist
thank you!
CaryAndFrankArts Featured By Owner Nov 3, 2012  Hobbyist Digital Artist
You're most welcome!! :huggle:
caddman Featured By Owner Oct 29, 2012  Professional General Artist
...Bravo...well done...:clap:
thefantasim Featured By Owner Oct 31, 2012   Digital Artist
caddman Featured By Owner Nov 2, 2012  Professional General Artist
...Your welcome Sassy .:heart:
astrangeallure Featured By Owner Oct 28, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
Thanks for sharing!! Great tutorial! :D
thefantasim Featured By Owner Oct 29, 2012   Digital Artist
Thanks! I had the darnedest time first getting it uploaded, then getting it in the right places!
astrangeallure Featured By Owner Oct 29, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
Yes, I can imagine...:nod: :D
Enlal Featured By Owner Oct 28, 2012  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Adding a texture in between the model and the bg is something I've never tried. Thank you for the great tutorial. I learned something new today as well :)
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